Why the name Loon
This project involves the use of balloons. Yes, the gas balloons with which the children used to play are used in this project. Hence, the name Loon or Project Loon.
How it started
Google began the experiment with just 30 balloons in New Zealand in June 2013. By the end of June 2014, Google finished its first test LTE connection in Brazil. By the end of 2016, it plans to provide internet connection across the globe.
How it works
This project uses the high-flying balloons placed in the earth’s atmosphere. Balloons are placed in the stratosphere layer and they will travel above 30km from the earth’s surface. The balloons are guided by the center in the earth. In order to use this service, the user’s need to connect to the balloon using a special device installed at their home. This special device will be similar to the antenna.
The signal from one balloon is transmitted to the other one and finally, it is sent to the ground station through which connection is shared. Each balloon can cover a diameter of 40km in diameter.
This service will be very helpful in case of natural disasters.
Rural and even remote areas will get an Internet connection.